Carnelian is a variety of chalcedony, a mineral in the quartz family.
It is known for its reddish-orange to brownish-red colour.
Carnelian crystals are formed in the cavities of volcanic rocks and are often found in India, Brazil, and Uruguay.
They have a hardness of 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale and are often used in jewelry making.
Carnelian was used as a seal stone in ancient Egypt and Rome.
In the Middle Ages, it was believed to protect against enchantments and was worn by soldiers as a talisman.
Carnelian crystals have several metaphysical uses, including enhancing creativity, promoting courage and confidence, boosting energy and motivation, and aiding in manifestation and goal-setting.
Additionally, carnelian is thought to help with emotional healing, balancing the sacral chakra, and increasing vitality and endurance.